LAPSSET Board visits Turkana

2015-05-20 15:25:47 shirley-apiaro

Lamu may be hundreds of kilometres from Turkana County, but the establishment of its new port promises to transform the lives and times of this northernmost region of Kenya.

The transport system from Lamu through Turkana into Southern Sudan and Ethiopia will carry with it all trappings of development; roads, superhighways, electricity, water and tourists among a host of others.

Lamu Port-Southern Sudan- Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) board visited Turkana County recently to commence negotiations and sensitization on the project. With them, came a bag filled with promises of better things to come.

Silvester Kasuku, the Director General and CEO Lapsset development authority told a stakeholders meeting at Ceamo Hotel in Lodwar town that the visit was meant to inform the people of Turkana on the benefits of the project.

“The board of the lapsset corridor authority came to commence consultations with the leaders and professionals of Turkana County. We came to tell the Turkana County people what the project is all about because since its design study and its inception, there has been a lot of consolidation which most do not know about,” said Mr. Kasuku.

He added that the project will have a positive impact to the people living along its course: “Electricity lines will be established. People will gain from the grid. The project will also focus of irrigation, fish and livestock development. We will also harness tourism sites and that will eventually give value to household economies,” added the Director.

”We want an industrial establishment stationed in the counties in which the project passes through. We also want to make the counties in Kenya the focal point in industrial processing facilities so that people in those areas can gain from it. It will also open up the Northern part of Kenya,” said Mr. Kasuku.

He noted that the discovery of oil in Turkana brought a new twist to the project whose initial plan focused on South Sudan alone: “Before, we thought oil would only be from South Sudan. Now we have oil in Kenya and Uganda. It is now getting clearer that the pipeline is getting stronger and that we will have more investors,”said Kasuku.
He said that there are greater prospects and connectivity in the road network as other networks will come into play as the project goes on.

The Lapsset board Chairperson Ambassador Francis Muthaura said that the board will work together with the affected county governments to ensure that the project succeeds: “We will join hands with the county governments to ensure that the Lapsset project succeeds and benefits the people in the areas it passes through. We all need to think and help one another so that we can have the project running,” said Mr. Muthaura.

Turkana County Governor Josphat Nanok stated his leadership had not been consulted since the design of the project adding that the board should bring them on board: “We have not been consulted on the design of the lapsset. We need to be among those who make the decisions relating to the project,” Nanok said.

The mega, Sh1.5 trillion LAPSSET project was officially launched in 2012 by President, Mwai Kibaki, President Salvar Kiir of the Republic of South Sudan and the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia at the Lamu Port.

The main components of the project include a road and railway network, an oil pipeline system from South Sudan to Lamu, and airports that will be located at Lamu, Isiolo and Lokichogio.

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Transparency Required of Extractive industries

2015-04-30 16:46:36 Turkanaguardian

STORY 25 PHOTO-Governor Josphat Nanok
A London conference recently called for transparency and accountability by multinational corporations involved in the extractive industry.

Participants attending Chatham House Conference on extractive Industries said multinational companies in the extractive industries in Africa should disclose their contractual agreements to foster transparency.

This debate was sparked off by a presentation on the emerging oil sector in Kenya by Governor Josphat Nanok of Turkana who spoke on the challenges facing the oil companies, the governments and the communities, in Turkana where oil exploration is taking place.

”The oil companies in Kenya do not divulge or share information with the county governments and the communities on their operations. This has strained relations more often leading to protests by communities”, said Nanok.STORY 25 PHOTO-Governor Josphat Nanok2

Governor Nanok told the forum that the debate on the transparency within the extraction industry should be encouraged to mature into practice.
He focused on the Turkana oil experience, a move that was lauded by over two hundred people in the Chatham House audience.

Nanok added that Kenya is cautious and was not willing to turn oil into a curse or the ‘Dutch disease’.
Ian Gary, senior policy manager for extractive industries Oxfam America, said extractive industries should be ready to disclose contractual agreements.
”For the last twelve years, we have been talking about transparency and still doing that, the pace has been too slow”, said Gary.

He cited the Kenyan case. ”Look at the case for the Extractive Industries in Kenya, the contract has still remained between President Kenyatta and the companies”, added Gary.
Gary commended the work done by the World Bank and the civil society that has made it now possible for open discussions on the extractives to take place. He said, initially, the people had very little information on their rights from the extractive industries.
Kerfalla Yansane, the Minister of State for Mines and Geology in the Republic of Guinea said the involvement of the African Development Bank in creating a legal framework for operations of multinational companies may be a relief to Africa in such undertakings.
The debate mainly focused on two aspects of extractive industry; oil exploration and mining in Africa.

While Kenya focused on oil in the wake of falling prices, Rachel Turner, the Director for East and Central Africa Department for International Development, UK, urged the conference to look at the extractive industry in a more holistic manner that would elevate social issues and the participation of women and girls.

”The oil prices situation is not a scare, but it gives us time to focus on other areas. There is a real window of opportunity in capacity building”, said Turner.
Turner disclosed that DFID is now focusing on putting more energies in agribusiness in East and Central Africa.

There was also need that extractive industries respect the fundamental human rights of communities as expressed by Stephane Brabant who is the chairman of African Practice Group and Human Rights Group Herbert Smith Freehills.
The conference focused on new approaches to overcome enduring challenges in the extractive sector in Africa and speakers were drawn from all over Africa with Expert panellists from the academia.

In attendance was the Baroness Scotland of Asthal who chaired the fourth session. She is the President of Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs and the current HMG Envoy to South Africa.

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Turkana people ignorant about oil industry

2015-01-12 10:04:31 Turkanaguardian

Turkana people ignorant about oil industry

Local communities in Turkana are largely unaware of the potential impacts of oil activities on their livelihoods.


Turkana people ignorant about oil industry

Turkana people ignorant about oil industry

Local communities in Turkana are largely unaware of the potential impacts of oil activities on their livelihoods. This was the outcome of the first independent social baseline assessment on community perspectives of the emerging oil industry in Turkana.
Cordaid held a survey in partnership with the Turkana Natural Resource Governance Hub. Program manager Extractives Mr. Jeroen de Zeeuw led the team in Lokichar, Lodwar for a one-day meeting to share their assessment report on the Turkana Community perspective on the ongoing oil extraction.

Since 2010, oil companies such as Tullow Oil plc, Africa Oil, CEPSA, Centric Energy and BGP, have been exploring the oil and gas potentials of Turkana County, one of the most marginalized regions of Kenya.
This culminated in the discovery of commercial quantities of oil in Ngamia 1, Lokichar rift basin, which was announced by the then President Mwai Kibaki in 2012. Voices of the community

The oil finding generated waves of hope, high expectations, but also concerns across the Turkana communities (many of them pastoralists) who are living on the land where exploration activities are taking
However, until recently no organization has done any thorough assessment to explore the communities’ version of this
dilemma. As one civil society representative put it, “nobody is listening to the smaller voices in Turkana”.
The main objective of the Cordaid-Turkana Natural Resource Governance baseline is to better understand local community perceptions on oil impact. This will serve as a basis for developing tailormade projects on community awareness and informed dialogue for mitigating social risks, whilst leveraging socio-economic benefits associated with oil and gas industry to communities.
To achieve this, Cordaid staff first organized two-day baseline assessment training for the members of Turkana Natural
Resource Governance (TNRG) Hub.
The assessment took place between 24 September and 10 October 2014 with 3 research teams comprising more than 15
representatives of local civil society organizations interviewing a broad range of stakeholders throughout Turkana County,
The assessment took place in all 5 sub-counties of Turkana, i.e. Nakukulas, Kalapata, Lokichar, Loareng”ak, Kaikor
Kerio etc. (Central, West, East, North and south). Communities in the assessment were selected on the basis of proximity
to oil fields, likelihood of impacts and emerging trend of oil related issues in the communities. Data from the assessment were gathered through focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews, transect walks and community mapping as well as case studies.
The training helped the TNRH members to practically understand the scope of the baseline study and gain knowledge in community entry and relevant research tools for the assessment.
The preliminary findings of the assessment exposed the high level of community ignorance on oil activities, the fragility of the stakeholder engagement process, heightened insecurity of communities and seemingly growing conflict lines. According to one community elder: “we are like goats in the shed”.
The research team is still compiling and analysing the findings and plans to validate the draft results with key stakeholders
before releasing the final report in March this year.

Posted in: BusinessDevelopmentEnergyTurkana SouthTagged in: Africa OilBGPCentric EnergyCEPSAoil industryTNRH membersTullow Oil plc Read more... 0 comments

Convoy system introduced on Kitale-Lodwar road

2015-01-12 09:38:55 Turkanaguardian

Convoy system introduced on Kitale-Lodwar road

A convoy system has been introduced on Kitale-Lodwar highway following spates of attacks by suspected Pokot bandits.


Convoy system introduced on Kitale-Lodwar road

A convoy of ambulances in Lodwar Town. PHOTO By KEITH LOYAPAN

A convoy system has been introduced on Kitale-Lodwar highway following spates of attacks by suspected Pokot bandits.
Under the convoy system both public and private vehicles plying this route have to be escorted by security personnel.
The bandits have been targeting passengers and commercial vehicles using the highway attacking them and even in
most circumstances killing people and looting goods.

Areas of Kakong, Kaptir, Kalemorok, Kambi karae and Kainuk all in Turkana south sub-county are hot spots prone to
frequent attacks and raids by the bandits who target stealing cattle.

Three days can hardly pass without receiving sad news that one of the mentioned areas has been hit and what is even worse is the fact that recently things have gone out of hand and the attacks are been carried out along the road.
The bandits have rekindled a trait that was long forgotten after Moi’s regime and this time the style is different because the
weapons used are sophisticated.

On December 12 last year, Kainuk trading centre was attacked during day, which left three people dead, including a national police reservist and two others injured while the bandits managed to escape with 4415 livestock including 30 donkeys.

The attack that saw the number of those who have lost their lives rise to 23, angered the residents who blocked the Kitale-Lodwar highway with large tree logs for three days from 12th to 14th of December hence paralyzing transport.
The impact was felt all over the county with grocery products getting spoilt along the way creating a shortage of food supply in most town centres. After three days of protest by the youths, Turkana county

Posted in: BusinessDevelopmentTurkana SouthTagged in: Convoy systemKEITH LOYAPANKitale-LodwarROBERT KARIUKI Read more... 0 comments

Tullow awards contract to Turkana based businesses

2014-12-08 10:20:14 Turkanaguardian

TullowTullow on November 13, awarded contracts to 36 companies in Turkana County for the supply of light vehicles, in an initiative to increase the participation of local businesses in the company’s supply chain.
Under the terms of the Ksh 225 million deal, Tullow Oil sourced  for 36 vehicles from Toyota Kenya under a 3-year lease-and-buy contract.

The company then invited bids from Turkana-based companies to operate these vehicles, receiving 60 bids against 36 available slots. Tullow then awarded the 36 companies a vehicle each and immediately leased them back from these local businesses, creating an income stream for local entrepreneurs.
The 36 winning companies are expected to take over the lease and buy rights from Toyota, meaning that at the end of the three years, they will take full ownership of the vehicles.

“We recognized that capital was an obstacle to entrepreneurs wishing to do business with us, so we have structured the deal in a way that the 36-companies will have access to financing of this business opportunity,” said Martin

Mbogo, the Tullow country manager. “Also, at the end of the three years, the companies will take full ownership of
the vehicle,” added Mbogo.
Over the last year, Tullow has embarked on a series of deliberate efforts meant to increase the participation of local companies within its supply chain as part of a wider plan to ensure the oil and gas sector creates long-standing positive impacts on the economies and lives of host local communities where the company operates.
Recently, Tullow facilitated an International Labour Organisation certified (ILO) business training programme for Turkana based women entrepreneurs, through which the women acquired basic business management skills including accounting, book keeping and marketing.
The company has also aligned its procurement process to increase the sourcing of Kenyan manufactured goods by its contractors. “These deliberate efforts sit within our broader plan of creating shared prosperity with host communities and positively impacting the economies where we operate by creating opportunities for local companies to do business with us,” added Mbogo.
Since January, Kenyan companies have supplied goods worth Ksh6 bil-lion to Tullow and its contractors compared to Ksh4.1 billion supplied last year. Turkana based businesses have supplied goods worth approximately Ksh1 billion to date, a 300 per cent rise from the Ksh 224 million they supplied last year. Overall, Kenyan companies now supply more than 80 per cent of all goods and services bought by Tullow and its contractors.
Further, more than 2,300 employees of the total 3,600, or six out of every 10 employees working for Tullow through its various contractors are from the Turkana community. This year, Tullow has committed Ksh 400 million on social investment projects covering health, education, environment and alternative livelihoods in Turkana County.
Tullow has also spent Ksh 150 million through 30 Masters Programme Scholarships offered to Kenyan students, as part of the 2014 TullowGroup scholarship scheme, with plans to spend another Ksh 100 million towards the provision and distribution of seven mobile clinics to Counties across the country through the Beyond Zero campaign. Two of the mobile clinics have already been presented to Turkana and Baringo Counties. –


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